The American Civil War
The American Civil War began April 12, 1861 when Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C. was fired on by the Confederates. At this time Clark Co., Wis. had about 120 families and a population of about 800 people. The war ended on April 9, 1865 in Appomattox, Va. (There were some skirmishes beyond that date by “die-hard” Confederates.
Clark County men enrolled in Company I of the 14th Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment Infantry starting on Oct. 19, 1861. The leadership was composed of 2 captains, 4 first Lieutenants and 3 second lieutenants of which 8 enlisted on 10-19-1861 and 1 enlisted on 11-16-1861. Four of these men were from Neillsville, 3 from Black River Falls, 1 from Springfield and 1 from Alma. All 9 of these officers survived the war with only 2 of them being wounded.
Non-officers, which included corporals, sergeants, regular infantry, and musicians, totaled 161 men during the course of the war. These 161 men listed their residence as:
Clark County – Neillsville (27); Hixon (6); Lynn (5); Levis (3); Weston (2). These 43 non-officers added to 4 of the officers from Clark Co. equals 47 Clark County men in Company I, 14th Regiment during the Civil War.
Other Than Clark County – Black River Falls (21); Alma (17); Albion (9); Springfield (8); La Crosse (6); Watertown (6); Meeme (5); Irving (4); 2 each from Fox Lake, Manitowoc Rapids; Maple Creek, Melrose, Mischicot, Westford, and 1 each from Aztalan, Barre, Burke, Caledonia, Farmington, Fond du Lac, Freedom, Fredonia, Greenfield, Irving, Lake Mills, Lebanon, New Orleans, Newton Osceola, Oshkosh, Outagamie, Plainfield, Rockland, Scott, Sparta, Sterling, Stiles, Stockbridge, Suamico, Sumner, Wyocena.
In addition, there were 3 men from Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., 2 who enlisted on 6-15-1862, of which one was discharge “by order” on 7-12-1862, and one who deserted on 1-12-1863. The 3rd one enlisted on 6-12-1862 and deserted on 6-15-1862.
All the preceding 161 non-officers
enlisted with the exception of 23 men who were drafted in September through
December 1864. The drafted men were from La Cross (2 of the 6 drafted), all 5
of the Memme men, all 2 each from Manitowoc Rapids, Maple Creek, Mishicot, and
all 1 each from Caledonia, Fredonia, Freedom, Lebanon, Newton, Plainfield,
Rockland, Stiles, Stockbridge, and Suamico.
A time table of the 161 non-officer’s enlistment/draft dates and the casualty count
(A = killed in action / died of wounds; B = died of disease)
Union Side Statistics
Civil War who died from disease and were from the 14th Regiment, Company I
Per the “World Book Encyclopedia”, twice as man men died of disease as from the battles. Unsanitary conditions, inadequate diet and non-sterile medical equipment were the norm. Common diseases (with Webster’s definitions) at that time included.:
The following is a chart of the 12 men from Company I, 14th Regiment who were killed in action or died of their wounds:
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